Generally the most luxurious of all fabrics used in the making of golf shirts. Only the finest long staple cotton is selected, and then it is specially treated or mercerized to give it more luster and strength. The end result of using these smaller, finer, stronger, mercerized yarns, is that you get a fabric with a silky touch and luxurious hand. Mercerized cotton has been used for years in the finest golf shirts and polo shirts available.
This refers to the weave pattern in the fabric and is sometimes called a waffle weave. If you look closely how the yarns are knitted together, you will see that some yarns are higher than others creating small squares, or other geometric shapes. Most all types of yarns from 100% cotton to 100% polyester or all of the blends in between can have a pique knit pattern.
This also refers to the type of weave in the fabric. A jersey, or flat weave, has all of the yarns on the surface of the fabric at the same level, giving the fabric a softer or smoother hand. Again, a jersey knit can be done on a variety of types of fabrics including cotton and polyester.
The ottoman weave or knit has a distinctive ribbed or corded effect that produces lines on the fabric that may run in either direction. This fabric will have more texture to achieve this distinctive look.
This is a tighter stitch fabric usually done with finer yarns to give it a softer feel. Because more yarns are packed in, it usually has a beefier feel to it as well.
Named for the Pima Indians in the Southwest US. Because it is a long, smooth, strong fiber it is generally revered to be one of the best cottons in the world.
This is a patterned fabric, and may be woven in one color or multiple colors. Most often in golf shirts you may find a jacquard collar that has a multi-colored pattern woven into it.